Differnece Between Data Science and Machine Learning

It is the world of technology, “Data Science” and “Machine Learning” rank among some of the top terms searched. Although they have different meanings and applications. So it is essential to learn about the difference between data science and machine learning. 

Earlier we discussed these two important terms, but here we will explain their differences, in the hopes that you will better understand each.

 

What is Data Science?

Data Science is the study of analyzing vast amounts of data using scientific methods, algorithms, and processes. It allows you to discover hidden patterns within raw data. In the past few decades, mathematical statistics, big data analysis, and statistics have evolved into a new concept called Data Science.

A data scientist collects unstructured or structured data to extract knowledge from it. The goal of data science is to translate a business problem into a research project, which is then converted into a real-world solution.

 

What is Machine Learning?

Machine learning refers to a form of artificial intelligence (AI) that allows systems to learn and improve automatically without being explicitly programmed. It involves the development of computer programs that are able to access and use data to learn for themselves. The use of machine learning in data science is essential.

People who learn through examples, direct experience, or teaching look for patterns in data to help them make better decisions in the future based on the example provided. Machine learning’s main goal is to teach computers to learn on their own, without the need for human intervention.

 

Difference Between Data Science and Machine Learning ( Data Science vs Machine Learning)

What differentiates data science from machine learning is described below.

  • Essentially, data science is an area that focuses on processes and systems for analyzing structured and semi-structured data. While machine learning refers to the ability of computers to learn without being explicitly instructed.
  • The data science world requires all forms of analytics, whereas machine learning depends on both machine learning and data science.
  • A branch of data science deals with data, while machine learning utilizes data science techniques to figure out what the data is telling us.
  • In Data Science, data may or may not originate from a machine or mechanical process, whereas machine learning uses techniques such as regression and supervised clustering. 
  • Machine learning is solely concerned with algorithm statistics. In contrast, data science includes not just algorithms but data processing as well.
  • While machine learning operations include unsupervised, reinforcement, and supervised learning, data science operations include data collection, data cleaning, and data manipulation.
  • Multiple disciplines are encompassed by the term data science. As for machine learning, it belongs to the field of data science.

 

What is Big Data?

The term big data refers to collections of data that are extremely large in volume but are growing exponentially in time. It is a large and complex set of data that none of the traditional data management tools can store or process effectively. As well as data, big data consists of large amounts of information. Big data consists of three types. These are: 

  • Structured Data.
  • Semi-structured Data.
  • Unstructured Data.

 

Big Data vs Machine Learning

Below are the differences between big data and machine learning.

  • In Big Data, information is extracted and analyzed from massive amounts of data, while Machine Learning uses input data and algorithms to estimate unknown results.
  • There are three types of Big Data, namely Structured, Unstructured, and Semi-Structured, while machine learning algorithms are categorized as Supervised Learning, Unsupervised Learning, and Reinforcement Learning.
  • Performing Big Data analysis involves handling huge and unstructured data sets using tools like Apache Hadoop, MongoDB while Machine Learning is the way to analyze input data sets using algorithms and tools like Numpy, Pandas, Scikit Learn, TensorFlow, Keras.
  • Analytics of Big Data generates patterns that support stronger business decisions. Machine learning, on the other hand, can mimic the human brain for effective prediction by using algorithms and learning from training data.
  • Big Data Analysis can only be done using human verification because of the large volumes of data, but Machine Learning algorithms can be built to work flawlessly without human intervention.
  • Machine Learning can provide virtual assistance, product recommendations, and spam filtering while Big Data helps handle different purposes such as Stock Analysis, Market Analysis, etc.

 

Why is Data Science Important?

The Data Science method allows organizations to efficiently analyze large amounts of data from multiple sources and derive valuable insights for making more informed decisions. Many industries use data science, including marketing, finance, banking, policy work, etc. It is for this reason that Data Science is important.

 

Why is Machine Learning Important?

Machine learning and Artificial Intelligence are so common in today’s sectors that it’s difficult to envisage a world without them. Machine learning’s main strength is its application range, as well as its capacity to adapt and give efficient, effective, and quick answers to complicated issues. This is why machine learning is important.

 

Machine Learning for Data Analysis

The use of machine learning for data analysis involves automation of model-building. We apply machine learning when we assign computers the main tasks of data analysis, like classification, clustering, and anomaly detection. The algorithms can learn based on input in real-time and offer statistical inferences using the input data. Rather than using hard-coded programming, the algorithms make decisions each time they notice a change.

 

Data Science Terminology

When understanding data science – and how you can leverage it – it’s also important to be aware of other terms relating to the field, such as artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning. While these terms are often used interchangeably, there are some differences between them. Below are some Data Science terms that you should know:

 

  1. Artificial Intelligence: Artificial intelligence refers to a computer program that mimics human activity in some way.
  2. Machine Learning: Machine learning refers to a form of artificial intelligence (AI) that allows systems to learn and improve automatically without being explicitly programmed. It involves the development of computer programs that can access and use data to learn for themselves.
  3. Deep Learning: Deep Learning is a subfield within machine learning that involves the development of algorithms inspired by the structure and function of the brain known as artificial neural networks.

 

Relation Between Information And Data

In the context of information and data, data are simply facts and figures. Data do not constitute information on their own. A set of data is called information when the data are processed, interpreted, organized, structured, or presented in such a way as to make them meaningful or useful. Data is put into context with information.

 

What is Data Mining?

The process of obtaining valuable information from a vast volume of raw data is a simple way to define data mining. A data pattern analysis includes employing a range of applications to investigate vast batches of data. Data mining is employed in a variety of sectors, including science and research.

Difference Between Machine Learning and Data Mining

Here are some differences between data mining and machine learning.

  • Data mining examines patterns that already exist in the data, whereas machine learning predicts future outcomes based on the pre-existing data.
  • There are no rules or patterns at the beginning of data mining. The machine, on the other hand, learns from data by being given some rules or variables.
  • In data mining, humans are involved in decision-making and intervention. Once the initial rules are in place, machine learning can extract information, learn, refine, and refine without human intervention. This means the machine develops intelligence on its own.
  • The idea behind data mining is to find patterns in existing datasets. As an alternative, machine learning makes predictions about new data sets based on the learnings from a ‘training’ data set.

 

Prerequisite for Machine Learning

Having a better understanding of Machine Learning, let us now consider the following prerequisites:

 

Statistics

The tools of statistics can be used to arrive at a certain result from the data. Raw data is transformed into meaningful information using descriptive statistics. You can also use inferential statistics to find important information based on a sample of data instead of a complete dataset.

 

Linear Algebra

It is a discipline of mathematics in which vectors, matrices, and linear transformations are studied. As a data transformation tool, it can transform and perform operations on the dataset in machine learning.

 

Calculus

Calculus is necessary for building Machine Learning models. You can pursue a Machine Learning career by studying calculus, an essential part of many Machine Learning algorithms.

 

Probability

We use probability to predict occurrences, to understand that a situation may or may not repeat itself. Probability forms the basis for machine learning.

 

Programming Language

To carry out the whole Machine Learning process, it is essential to know programming languages such as R and Python. Machine Learning algorithms are very simple to implement in Python and R because both provide in-built libraries.

 

Final Note 

There is a direct correlation between Data Science and Machine Learning. Hopefully, you will be able to understand the difference between these two modern terms after reading this guide.

 

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